The Project Introduction

   With the support from the World Bank (WB), the Government of Vietnam has been implementing the Central Highlands Poverty Reduction Project (GNTN) in the form of a community driven development project in the Central and Highlands Region of Vietnam. The project focuses on 130 communes in 26 poor districts of 6 provinces which are Dak Lak, Dak Nong, Gia Lai, Kon Tum, Quang Nam and Quang Ngai.

   The development objective of the project is to improve livelihood opportunities for poor households and communities in the Central and Highlands of Vietnam through: (i) improve accessibility to basic services in community level, particularly concerning agricultural production and income increase; (ii) resolve difficulties in approach to natural resources and market opportunities; and (iii) provide investment support for local (district level and below) to strengthen linkages.

   The Project will be evaluated based on the major result indicators: (i) increase the income of households, (ii) strengthen economic and social connections for communities, (iii) create jobs through improving infrastructure and operational & maintenance services, (iv) refine (stably) agricultural productivity, (v) well facilitate for the use of social infrastructures and production, and (vi) reinforce the participation of poor members of the community in decision making process of local development.

   The project includes four components:

- Component 1: Development of communal and village infrastructure, with a total value estimated at $ 45 million (excluding the counterpart funds of the local government) equivalent to 945 billion VND, consisting of two subcomponents: (i) Development of communal and village infrastructure, (ii) Operation and maintenance. The project decentralizes commune as an investor for the sub-projects in this component and discourages infrastructure works requiring land acquisition and land clearance. The sub-projects will be selected through the planning process with the participation of the community.

- Component 2: sustainable livelihoods development, with a total value estimated at $ 30.24 million, equivalent to 635 billion VND consisting 02 subcomponents: (i) Autonomy and income diversification and (ii) market linkages development. The sub-project of Autonomy and income diversification includes activities which are strengthening food security & nutrition, and income diversification for beneficiaries by improving and promoting the livelihood models. The sub-project of market linkages development includes activities focus on the development of market linkages for some potential livelihoods modes, advancing partner relationship between farmers and enterprises through the project’s supports. The project’s supports for the people in this component are done through support forms for livelihood enhancement group (LEG), including: (i) LEG of food security, (ii) LEG of livelihood diversity, (iii) LEG of market linkages. Each LEG has scale of 10-20 households, founded on the basis of voluntary participation of member households.

- Component 3: district-level connective infrastructure development, capacity building and communication, with a total estimated value of $ 44.2 million, equivalent to 928 billion VND, including 03 subcomponents: (i) district connective infrastructure development, (ii) capacity building, (iii) Communications. Capacity building at district level and connective infrastructure include the selection of inter-commune and district infrastructure which will support the inherent production connection and relate to local economic sectors. The component will also support district socio-economic integrated planning and technical capacity building for district staff to assist the planning and implementation of building infrastructure at communal level.

- Component 4: Project Management, with a total estimated value of $ 8.4 million, equivalent to 176.4 billion VND, consists the basic objectives: (i) ensure the effective management of project activities is under the design and (ii) monitoring and evaluation system provides sufficient information on activities, results and impacts of the Project.

  The project is coordinated, supported and supervised by the Central Project Office (CPO) at the Ministry of Planning and Investment (MPI), and 06 project management units in 06 provinces located in the DPIs in 06 provinces, are responsible for operating the project, under the guidance of the provincial People's Committee, and assigned to daily manage most of the project implementation works for the current Project Management Units (PMU) in each district.

   Project Management organization machine at all levels includes: CPO, PPMU, DPMU. Particularly at the commune level, the project has no model of communal project management unit but only Communal Development Board on the basis of mobilizing some key officials of the commune People's Committees to hold more jobs of organizing and implementing the Project activities done by the Commune as an invest owner. The general principle of the project is to mobilize maximum the apparatus and officials at all levels to carry out the project management work and recruit new staff under the contract mechanism when the project agencies cannot arrange part-time officials.




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